Yoga in Indian culture


Bhagavad-Gita says, “one has achieved yoga, the union with the Self, when the perfectly disciplined mind gets freedom from all desires, and becomes absorbed in the Self alone.”The word yoga was first mentioned in the oldest sacred texts, the Rig Veda and originated from the Sanskrit yuj, means “to yoke” and “samadhi” or “concentration.” Thus, yoga aims to join the mind, body and spirit. The ultimate goal of yoga is to achieve liberation.

In the West, yoga is most often associated with the physical practice of asanas, particularly stretching exercises to build flexibility and relax the body.
Yoga recharge the body with cosmic energy and enhances personal power, increases self-awareness, helps in attention, focus and concentration, especially important for children, reduces stress and tension in the physical body by activating the parasympathetic nervous system, attainment of perfect equilibrium and harmony, promotes self-healing, removes negativity from the mind and toxins from the body .The aspirant feels rejuvenated and energized.

The different types of Yoga are as follows :

Advantages of Yoga
Yoga asanas build strength, flexibility and confidence. Regular practice of yoga can help lose weight, relieve stress, improve immunity and maintain a healthier lifestyle.

In 2014, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi suggested the United Nations to celebrate June 21 as the International Yoga Day as it is the summer solistice; the longest day of the year in the Northern Hemisphere.

Yoga is an Indian traditional form which is just not a mere type of exercise or way of breathing. If medicines not working for you, yoga might not disappoint you. Even though yoga aims to rejuvenate the body from within, be sure to consult a physician before attempting a yoga to avoid any unnecessary injury.

The list below are some Yoga exercises that helps in the control of diseases. The reference is taken from Google and articles related to health, Yoga and meditation.

1.Thyroid: Thyroid /Adams apple regulates metabolic activities of the human body and a disorder in the discharge of hormones can cause severe problems to the body.
Symptoms: Skin problems, Depression, Anxiety, Neck swelling, Hair loss, Constipation low energy level
Suggested yoga poses:
Halasana/ Plough pose: This pose will give compression to the neck and stimulates the thyroid glands.

Matsyasana/ Fish pose: Matsyasana provides stretching to the neck triggering the thyroid gland.

2.Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome disease: Mostly women having obesity in their reproductive age are more prone to PCOS. It crops up when a woman’s ovaries or adrenal glands produce more male hormones than normal. Presently, many women have started recognising the role of yoga as a safe PCOS treatment option.

Symptoms: Irregular or no menstrual periods in women of reproductive age, excess hair growth on the face and body, thinning scalp hair, acne, weight gain, ovarian cysts (polycystic ovarian morphology)
Suggested yoga poses:
Dhanurasana/ Bow pose: This posture helps in galvanising reproductive organs.

Bhujangasana/ Cobra pose: It helps in activating ovarian functions.

3. Arthritis: People of all age groups can be affected by arthritis but commonly above 65 years which includes pain, stiffness and swelling in and around one or more joints. Symptoms: Pain, Stiffness, Swelling, Redness, Decreased range of motion.
Suggested yoga poses:
Child Pose/ Shishuasana: This asana can help you straighten your vertebra.

Adho Mukha Svanasana/ Downward facing dog pose: It improves flexibility of the body and stretches the spine.

4.Lower back pain: The most intricate part of the human body is the lower back. Long hours of desk work can cause severe problems.
Symptoms: Fever and chills, sudden bowel and/or bladder incontinence – either difficulty passing urine or having a bowel movement, or loss of control of urination or bowel movement, severe and continuous abdominal pain.

Suggested yoga pose:
Vrikshasana/ Tree Pose: This exercise is beneficial for the spine and balances the body.

5.Diabetes: It is a condition which affects a person’s metabolic system as the glucose level rises because of inadequate insulin production or due to the insufficient response of the body to insulin.
Symptoms: Hunger and fatigue, peeing more often and being thirstier, dry mouth and itchy skin, blurred vision.

Suggested yoga poses:
Ardha Matsyendrasana/ Half Spinal Twist: People suffering from diabetes can do this asana to control body sugar level.

Chakrasana/ Wheel pose: Chakrasana can help people suffering from diabetes.

6. Indigestion/ Stomach Disorder: Stomach disorder and indigestion can lead to a number of health issues such as Gastritis, Diarrhoea, heartburn etc

Symptoms: Nausea and vomiting, bloating and gas, weight loss or loss of appetite, blood with bowel movement, severe abdominal pain, ongoing vomiting or diarrhoea.

Suggested yoga poses:
Apanasana/ Knees to chest pose : If there is any sort of stomach disorder then this pose can relieve you from constipation, indigestion, bloating and acidity. It is beneficial for digestion and helps in removing toxic substances from the entire system.

Paschimottanasana/ Seated Forward Bend Pose: This simple stretch can relieve you from digestive problems.

7.Migraine: A chronic neurological disease which can lead to recurrent moderate to severe headaches.
Symptoms: Hyperactivity, pain on one side or both sides of your head, sensitivity to light, sounds and sometimes smells nausea and vomiting, blurred vision.

Suggested yoga poses:
Padmasana/ Lotus pose: This asana relaxes the mind and alleviates headache.

Sirsasana/ Headstand or Salamba Sirsasana/ Supported headstand: It is also known as King of all asanas and increases the flow of blood in brain. I

8. Liver : It influences and regulates many body functions such as protein production, blood clotting, cholesterol, and glucose and iron metabolism.
Symptoms: Weakness and fatigue, weight loss, nausea, vomiting, and yellow discolouration of the skin etc.

Suggested yoga poses:
Ardha Bhekasana/ Half Frog Pose: This exercise can help people who are suffering from liver problems.

Parighasana/ Gate Pose: It is beneficial for liver ailments.

9.Depression: Depression, a psychological condition one feels discouraged, hopeless, unmotivated, disinterested. When these feelings last for a long period of time one is sure into depression.
Symptoms : loss of interest in day to day activities, appetite or weight changes, sleep changes, anger or irritability, concentration problems etc.

Suggested yoga poses:
Baddha Konasana/ Bound Angle Pose: This yoga can help you out of depression.

Sukhasana/ Easy Pose: In this asana, there should be a comfortable gap between the feet and the pelvis. It is helpful in alleviating mind from depressing thoughts.

Kidney : It cleanses blood by removing waste and excess fluid and keeps a balance of salt and minerals in your blood, and helps in regulating blood pressure. Any imbalance in its functions can turn into Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD).
Symptoms: Changes in urination, swelling of the feet, ankles, hands, or face, fatigue or weakness, metal taste in the mouth, Back pain, Itching.

Suggested yoga poses:
Salamba Bhujangasana/ Sphinx pose: This pose stretches and strengthens the abdominal organs of the body. It also raises the immunity level.

Naukasana/ Boat pose: The Boat pose strengthens and stimulates the abdominal organs. It also improves digestion and alleviates stress.

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